Nadine – daughter of Nayomi from the Twin Hills of Ndutu

Nadine, female born early 2012 in Ndutu’s Twin Hill pride to Nayomi. She and Nayomi made up the initially very small pride we named Twin Hill – assuming that these lions had their territory around the “Twin Hills”. Nadine had her first cubs when she was just over 3 years old, in 2015. Nayomi (who was then collared) also had cubs – and together they successfully raised 5 cubs. In 2016 Nayomi had another litter, and raised those cubs while she also kept in charge of her 1.5-year olds. By mid-2017 the four juvenile males of the neighbouring Masek pride started hanging out with the expanding Twin Hill pride (a behaviour observed sometimes in the lion world, and that we call “lodging”), in addition Nadine had a litter or 3 cubs. Thus in 2017, two years after only being 2 lions, the Twin Hill had rapidly increased in number and occasionally consisted of up to 17 lions (including the 3 young cubs, unrelated juvenile males, and Katavi, their resident male). 2017 was a very dry year, with limited shrubs and ground vegetation – leaving limited cover for the expanding pride. This pride’s territory overlaps the area that in dry season fills with people and livestock, due to the rare permanent water-source, the Masek wells, in area. This left us with quite an extreme season with a large group of unconcealed lions in the midst of livestock-herds, dust and herders – and our closely guarding Ilchokuti. Nayomi was a real matriarch, guiding her group through the ever-present conflicts, impressing us by selecting to feed on giraffe and other wild prey over the super-abundant scraggly cows. We found Nayomi dead in Dec 2017, but were never able to confirm cause of death – likely it was an accident while hunting a wild prey, but we cannot rule out the killing by people. The loss of Nayomi was of great sadness to us all! Luckily Nadine continues on alright with her daughter Ndere and her half-sisters from 2015 and 2016 – these five young females now make up the Twin Hill. They had cubs late 2018 with the busy Lol-gang – a 4 male coalition that dominated the Ndutu area. Those cubs succumbed to infanticide by new incoming 2-male coalition Nemeju and Liang’ata, with whom they had another cohort of cubs in mid-2019. Up to 3 of the cubs have been seen, and our Ilchokuti keep observing tracks of the cubs. We are, however, counting the days for these cubs; the arrival of the Munge-Nomad coalition is causing commotion and it is probably only a matter of time until the 2019-TwinHill cubs fall victims to another infanticide.

In June 2020, the Twin Hill group was seen with 8 cubs born to 3 females. We’ll see if this time lion politics settle down to afford some stability and let the cubs survive.

Nadine

Nadine from the Twin Hills Pride of Ndutu

Nadine

Nadine with cubs August 2017

Nadine

Nadine and Katavi at Ndutu January 2018

Nadine
Nadine collared by Roimen in July 2018

Nadine

Nadine in August 2018

Nadine

Loton and Nadine August 2018

Nadine

Nadine December 2019